Moses and The 10 Plagues

The Ten Plagues in the Land of Egypt in the Bible

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The Ten Plagues for Little Kids

This map shows the land of Egypt where the ten plagues of the Bible happened. During this time in ancient history, the Hebrews were slaves to the Egyptians, but God told His prophet Moses that it was time for them to be free. Moses told the ruler of Egypt to let the Hebrews go because God had sent him, but Pharaoh would not allow it! Because Pharaoh did not listen to Moses, God brought ten different plagues over Egypt to convince him to free the Hebrews.

The first plague was turning the Nile River into blood but Pharaoh still didn't believe it was from God. So God sent the second plague of thousands of frogs! They were jumping everywhere, even in the Egyptians' houses! After the frogs, God sent a plague of gnats. They buzzed all around the people and animals. The fourth plague was the plague of flies. After the flies, God sent a terrible plague on all of the Egyptians' horses, camels, and other animals, but God protected the Hebrews' animals.

The sixth plague was a plague of boils where people got big, painful bubbles on their skin. But Pharaoh still wouldn't free God's people! So God sent the plague of Hail over all the land. Hail is hard ice that falls from the sky like rain. Pharaoh said he would let the people go, but as soon as God stopped the hail, Pharaoh changed his mind and didn't let them leave!

God brought three more plagues, the plague of locusts (which are like grasshoppers), the plague of darkness (where the land was dark for 3 days straight), and the worst plague of all: the plague of the firstborn. Moses warned Pharaoh that the firstborn child of every family in Egypt would die if the Hebrews were not freed; once the final plague happened Pharaoh finally let them go.

If Pharaoh had listened to Moses and obeyed God, none of these plagues would have happened.

The Ten Plagues for Big Kids

Ancient Assyrian Man with BeardThe 10 Plagues in Bible History. The Bible reveals that the Hebrews were slaves in the land of Egypt for 400 years. Earlier in the book of Genesis when Joseph was betrayed by his brothers and sold as a slave and taken to Egypt, God used that whole situation to prepare the descendants of Abraham about how to trust the LORD. All of the time that the Hebrews were slaves in Egypt God was preparing a nation in fulfillment of his promise to Abraham. Egypt had become the most powerful kingdom in the world, and Pharaoh was the most powerful ruler in the world. When Moses came with a staff and demanded that he let God's people go Pharaoh scoffed at him and mocked God. Throughout a series of 10 devastating plagues upon the land of Egypt, God actually mocked all the gods of the Egyptians and even Pharaoh himself. Pharaoh finally let the Hebrews go and with all the wealth of Egypt. Ultimately the Hebrews learned that God is in control, that He is a God of miracles and can do whatever He wants, and that He will take care of His people and they would be wise to put all their trust in Him.

Moses. Moses learned well at the burning bush that the LORD is the God of all the earth. Moses saw the  God turn his staff into a snake, and then turned back into his staff again. Moses also saw his hand become white with leprosy, and then God made his hand normal again. The Bible calls Moses "the humblest man on the face of the earth" and he was no doubt quite an individual. Moses did not feel adequate to do the task of demanding that Pharaoh let God's people go because he was not a good speaker. God told Moses "your brother Aaron shall speak for you now go" and Moses did as the Lord commanded. It is hard to imagine but Moses came and stood before Pharaoh, the most powerful man in all the earth.

Pharaoh. The rulers within the land of Egypt called Pharaoh. It is impossible to know exactly which Pharaoh it was that was ruling Egypt when Moses came and demanded that he let God's people go. The Hebrews had been slaves for over 400 years and Pharaoh was the most powerful man in the world, he was not about to let a Hebrew threaten him to let Israel go.  Moses came and said to Pharaoh "God has sent me to ask you to let his people go" and then Pharaoh scoffed at this and hardened his heart and made the burden upon the Hebrews much greater. Would Pharaoh did not realize is that the LORD is the God of all the earth and Pharaoh was not able to withstand Him. God sent 10 devastating plagues upon the land of Egypt and finally Pharaoh let God's people go, but then he sent his armies after them in defiance. The Red Sea had parted for the Israelites who would left Egypt with all their wealth, Evan Pharaoh's armies had ended the sea the close upon them and they were swept away. Pharaoh was the most powerful men the world but history proves that in the midst of all the power of man, God is in control.

First Plague: Blood. In the first plague the Lord turned the water of the Nile River into blood. Moses warned Pharaoh but Pharaoh's heart was hardened, the terrible plague lasted for seven days even though the magicians of Egypt could not do anything to stop it. (Exodus 7:14-24).

Second Plague: Frogs. In the next plague the Lord sent frogs throughout the land of Egypt. Moses warned Pharaoh but  he hardened his heart against the Lord and would not let God's people go. (Exodus 8:1-15).

Third Plague: Lice. In the third plague the Lord sent lice, because Pharaoh hardened his heart once again. Pharaoh's magicians saw this plague and said "This is the finger of God." (Exodus 8:16-19).

Fourth Plague: Flies. in the fourth plague the Lord sent flies, Moses warned Pharaoh, and Pharaoh hardened his heart against the Lord and would not let the people go. Israel did not get affected by this plague, and this was the first time that Pharaoh made an offer.  (Exodus 8:20-32).

Fifth Plague: Disease on Livestock. In the fifth plague God sent a terrible disease on the cattle. Pharaoh was warned again and he hardened his heart. (Exodus 9:1-7).

Sixth Plague: Boils. In the six plague the Lord sent open sores or boils on the skin. This time the Lord hardened Pharaoh's heart. (Exodus 9:8-12).

Seventh Plague: Hail. The next plague the Lord sent a great hail and when it landed on the ground it turned into fire. Moses warned Pharaoh and Pharaoh hardened his heart.  Everyone who did not heed the warning was smitten by the plague. (Exodus 9:13-35).

Eighth Plague: Locusts. In the eighth plague the Lord sent a miserable plague of locusts. Pharaoh made another offer to Moses but were not completely let the people go. Moses had warned Pharaoh and Pharaoh hardened his heart again. (Exodus 10:1-20).

Ninth Plague: Darkness. The ninth plague was a great darkness throughout the land of Egypt, a darkness which could be felt. The darkness remain in the land for three days. This was quite humiliating to Pharaoh since the word "Pharaoh" means "the sun". Pharaoh hardened his heart and the worst was yet to come. (Exodus 10:21-22).

Tenth Plague: Death of the First-Born. Moses revealed his anger by this time, this was because of Pharaoh's rejection even in the midst of all the suffering. God sent the Angel of death to go throughout the land of Egypt, and if anyone did not have the blood of a lamb placed upon the doorpost of their house, that house would be smitten by the death Angel. The Israelites were quick to obey God, and the Egyptians suffered greatly with the loss of their firstborn, even in the house of Pharaoh. (Exodus 11).

The First Passover. The Passover happened at the time of Moses and the 10 plagues. In the 10th and final plague the death Angel passed through the land of Egypt. The death angel was sent to kill every firstborn son in every house if there was not the blood of a lamb on the doorpost as a sign. when the death Angel saw the blood on the doorpost it would "pass-over" that house and the firstborn son was spared. This was the Passover.

The Exodus from Egypt. After the 10 plagues Pharaoh finally agreed to let the Hebrew slaves go. The Exodus is when Moses

The Riches of Egypt. According to the Bible the Hebrew slaves left the land of Egypt with all the wealth of the Egyptians. The people of Egypt were glad to see the Hebrews go. All the gold and silver and jewels and other precious items would be later used for the construction of the tabernacle, and even Solomon's Temple.

The God's of Egypt. There were many gods in the land of Egypt, the Nile River God, the bull deity, and deities for all the animals and many other sorts of gods within the land. The true God of heaven smote the land of Egypt and humiliated Pharaoh and all of his gods.

The study of Moses and the 10 plagues is very important in the study of the Bible, let's pray:

Dear Jesus, we thank you and praise you for your Word. It is amazing that you revealed your power in your strength in the land of ancient Egypt. Pharaoh could not stand against you, and whatever you desire will happen because you are in control  and you will not let your people be slaves to anyone. We praise you Lord that you are our defender our strength and a present help in time of need. We trust you and we stand with you. In Jesus name? Amen!


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