Historical Background. The children of Israel crossed the Red Sea and came into the
wilderness. Little did they know that this would be the testing place where God
was going to prove them as His people and teach them about faith and trust. After three months they arrived at the
foot of Mount Sinai and they made a camp. Moses went up to the mountain to pray
and God told Moses that He would speak to the people in three days. On the third
day the sky became black, there was powerful thunder and lightning and great
darkness. The mountain became a place of smoke and a great furnace, and the
ground was like a constant earthquake. Suddenly the voice of God spoke like a
deafening trumpet calling Moses, and then uttering the 10 Commandments from the
mountain spoken by the voice of
The 10 Commandments.
1. Thou Shalt Have No Gods Before Me
2. Thou Shalt Not Make Graven Images
3. Thou Shalt Not Take the Lord's Name in Vain
4. Remember to Keep Holy the Sabbath
5. Honor Thy Father and Thy Mother
6. Thou Shalt Not Kill
7. Thou Shalt Not Commit Adultery
8. Thou Shalt Not Steal
9. Thou Shalt Not Bear False Witness
10. Thou Shalt Not Covet
The name of the hero who saved Israel from the bondage of the Egyptians was
Moses. After the 10 plagues, Moses led the children of Israel across the Red Sea
to Mount Sinai. It was on Mount Sinai that Moses received the 10 Commandments.
The Wilderness of Sin. After the children of Israel
crossed the Red Sea they came into the wilderness. They had become free from
Egypt but now they were in a place of desolation, and they had to learn how to
rely on the Lord to give this great number of people food and water to survive.
God did a miracle called manna in the wilderness, it was a delightful way for to
give them food. They were tested many times, that led them to the beautiful
oasis to show that he was with them. At one point they grew so thirsty that they
were provided water from a rock, but the people still grumbled. They finally
arrived at the foot of Mount Sinai.
Mount Sinai. Mount Sinai was indeed the holy mountain
of God. It was on Mount Sinai that the laws of God were given to Moses,
the 10 Commandments. Mount Sinai was also referred to as Mount Horeb in the
Bible. Traditionally the place were Moses received the 10 Commandments was
"Jebel Musa" which means the "mountain of Moses." The location of this traditional
place is in the southern portion of the Sinai Peninsula, and it stands 7500 feet
above sea level. It is a magnificent mountain made of red granite. But there is
no way of knowing at this point which mountain it was that Moses ascended.
The Sin of the Golden Calf. When Moses had gone up to
the mountain he had not returned for a long period of time. The people began to
murmur and a cried to Aaron saying "You must now make for us a God, because we
do not know what happened to this Moses who brought us out of Egypt." Aaron
replied "bring me gold and I will give you what you want." So they brought him
gold and he melted down in the fire and created a golden calf. He built a
magnificent altar to the calf and the people made sacrifices to it claiming
"this is the God that let us out of Egypt" and they began dancing and feasting.
While Moses was on the mountain God said to him "the people have forgotten my
commandments, and they shall feel my anger." Moses prayed for them and said
please forgive them they are your chosen people, you brought them out of Egypt,
why destroy them in your fury." When Moses came down the mountain he heard the
celebration in the feasting and he saw the golden calf. He hurled the two tables
of the 10 Commandments onto the ground and brought them into pieces.
The Unbroken Tables of Stone. Moses went back up to the
mountain and God wrote the 10 Commandments with his own finger on two tablets of
stone. Moses came down the mountain with the unbroken tables of stone and they
were placed later into the Ark of the Covenant.
The Ark of the Covenant. The Ark of the Covenant was
constructed just after they were at Mount Sinai. The Ark was to be the place of mercy in the Old Testament,
and it was to dwell in the holy of holies. Inside
the Ark were the 10 Commandments, the perfect law of God. The reason why no one
was allowed to look into the ark was because no man could look at God's law from
his sinful human flesh and live. The blood must be sprinkled and atonement must
be made. This was done every year on the day of atonement until Jesus came
and paid the debt in full with His own blood.
The study of the Ten Commandments is very important in the study of the
Bible, let's pray:
Dear Jesus, we thank you for the 10 Commandments. You
revealed something absolutely perfect, yet to sinful man it became a curse. But
to the son of God who never send.
Help us to be strong. We love you. In Jesus name? Amen!
Map of Moses and the Exodus for Bible Study
Kid's Bible Maps
The Geography of the Bible
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